Sun, beach, palm trees … this vision often comes to mind on cloudy winter days. How does one make their home a paradise island in the cold atmosphere? You may want to start by buying a palm tree.
This popular plant in Poland will help you to survive the difficult autumn-winter period, provided that you take proper care of it.
Watering – how often and how to supply water
There are many species to choose from when it comes to palm. However, the care instructions are usually similar. First of all, you should observe the plant to know its requirements. During warm days and during the growth period of the palm tree, water it intensively. You shouldn’t worry about overwatering the plant; you just need to make sure that it has holes at the bottom of the pot. This is where the water will leak through.
If there’s still too much water in the pot of your pot has no holes, you can pour it out after 20 minutes to avoid damaging the roots. Before the next watering, the top of the soil in the pot should dry out a little bit. In summer, the soil usually dries out after 2-3 days. In a cooler period, it can last for a week or more.
Palm loves sun
In nature, palm trees grow in sunny regions, so they also need a lot of light in the room. A place that’s exposed to sunshine a few hours a day is actually essential for the plant. Most of the palm trees like to spend warm days outside – but beware! Do not expose them to the sun immediately because this will burn the leaves. Burning can usually be seen in the form of brown, irregular spots. The plant should be gradually introduced to the sun. For 1-2 weeks, it should stand in partial shade. After this adaptation period, the palm can be placed in your selected location.
Air humidity – this is very important
Air humidity is a very important factor for the health and good appearance of a plant. Palms require at least 60% air humidity. Unfortunately, in an apartment with central heating, this level is much lower. You can increase humidity by using a base filled with, e.g., constantly wet gravel. It is necessary to spray the palm tree with water at least once a week. If the air in the apartment is very dry, you should do this procedure at least every two days.
Cleaning – a prerequisite for a nice appearance
You need to remove dust from the palm leaves by wiping them with a damp cloth. If the plant is small, you can put it in a bathtub and make a light shower with lukewarm water. Palm leaves should not be polished. When properly cared for, your palm plant will shine naturally.
Diseases – how to deal with them?
Some disturbing symptoms are natural, and you should not worry about them. A good example of this includes the leaves drying out. If the ends of the leaves dry out, it means that the soil is too dry or the air humidity is too low. In this case, sprinkle and water the plant generously. The situation when the lower leaves begin to die should not be frightening either. This is a natural aging process of the palm tree. The dry leaves should be cut at the base.
Unfortunately, leaf yellowing is not always a normal phenomenon, so you should be vigilant. Palms can be attacked by numerous pests and diseases. When bright discolorations appear on the upper surface of the leaf and at the bottom of the spider web, it means that the palm was attacked by spider mites. They don’t like humid air, so the first step should be to spray the plant with water. Chemical agents can be used, e.g., Karate Zeon.
When discs appear on the leaves, this means that the plant was attacked by discs. A recommended home treatment procedure is by rubbing the plant with a cloth soaked in a solution of vinegar, spirit, or denatured alcohol. You can also spray the plant with Mospilan or Kohinor. These two diseases plague palms most often. You must also not forget about constantly observing the plant and its reaction as well as other disturbing symptoms.